New Bbrunswick Waterfall Detail: In 1876, Daniel Gillmor built a watermill at Second Falls on the Magaguadavic River. Successive generations maintained mills on both sides of the river and as well other families established mills in the same area. The mighty river was used to drive timber to a common boom just above Second Falls Bridge, where the logs were separated according to individual markings. Over time the timber industry changed and the need for these mills diminished and all that remains is the most beautiful waterfall in Canada.
Accordin to the information we gathered about the waterfalls in Canada, with its beginnings in Perch Lake the diminutive brook flows through a narrow dale along the nape of Marshall Mountain, eventually empting into Musquash Estuary. A few kilometers up from the confluence with the Musquash, the brook cuts through a gap in the bedrock. The igneous bedrock forms a ridge that is the division between the plateau and the estuary. Driving west along Route 1 just past Prince of Wales there is a notable drop from the plateau down into the broad estuary.
“We are used to this”, was the collective reply when I asked the small and enthusiastic group of Nature Moncton members if they wanted to hike to Memel Falls in the pouring rain.
I was invited down by the club to give a photo presentation of my Waterfalls of New Brunswick books. I eagerly accepted the opportunity and so I was on the road at 7:30 AM, listening to Tom Petty & The Heartbreakers. My first challenge was to find the Tankville School. The greater challenge will be leading a group of naturalist to the waterfall and back without issue. I know these folks are seasoned outdoor people, but there are many issues that can arise.
Following the Napoleonic Wars in Europe from 1803 to 1815, Britain was cut off from its timber supply in Eastern Europe. Unable to rely on traditional sources, Britain quickly turned to its North American colony as a new source. Albert, part of New Brunswick counties in particular was well suited to meet this demand, thanks to the geography of the area. With its large tracts of virgin timber, located on steep hills surrounded by river valleys which empty out into the Bay was an ideal location to harvest timber. Spruce and Tamarack were two of the species cut down and sent to the mills but White Pine was especially valuable since it was used to make the masts of wooden ships. All settlers of the area had been forbidden in their land deeds to cut white pine on their lands. All of the white pine in the province was reserved for the King and his Royal Navy. By the 1820’s a number of rivers had been dammed and water wheels built to power sawmills. Timber from these mills could be utilized to build wooden ships by local shipbuilding companies or transported by sailing vessels to other markets. Demand for timber grew to the point that the 1851 census for Albert County recorded 97 sawmills operating in the New Brunswick counties.